Definitions

Accident
A sudden, unintentional and unexpected occurrence caused by external, visible means and resulting in physical Injury to theInsured Person. The cause or one of the causes of such Accident is external to the Insured Person's own body and occurs beyond the Insured Person's control.


Accidental Death
Death of the Insured Person resulting from an Accident.


Accidental Dismemberment
Complete severance from the body of one or more Limbs or eyes resulting from an Accident. For purposes of the Accidental Death and Accidental Dismemberment benefits provided by this insurance, the term “Limb” shall mean: the arm when the severance is at or above (toward the elbow) the wrist, or the leg when the severance is at or above (toward the knee) the ankle. Loss of eye(s) shall include complete, permanent and irrevocable loss of sight.


Act of Terrorism
An act, including but not limited to the use of force or violence and/or the threat thereof, of any person or group(s) of persons, whether acting alone or on behalf of or in connection with any organization(s) or government(s) committed for political, religious, ideological or similar purposes including the intention to influence any government and/or to put the public, or any section of the public, in fear.


Acute Onset of Pre-existing Condition
sudden and unexpected outbreak or recurrence of a Pre-existing Condition which occurs spontaneously and without advance warning in the form of Physician recommendations or symptoms which would have caused a prudent person to seek medical attention prior to the sudden and unexpected outbreak or recurrence, and which requires treatment within 24 hours of the sudden and unexpected outbreak or recurrence.


AIDS
Immune Deficiency Syndrome as that term is defined by the United States Centers for Disease Control.


Amateur Athletics
A sport or other athletic activity that is organized and/or sanctioned, involving regular or scheduled practices and/or regular or scheduled games. This definition does not include athletic activities that are non-contact and engaged in by an Insured Person solely for recreational, entertainment or fitness purposes and not for wage, reward or profit.


Application
The fully answered Application that is completed by or on behalf of theInsured Person, submitted to the Plan Administrator, and maintained on file with the Plan Administrator.


ARC
AIDS Related Complex as that term is defined by theUnited States Centers for Disease Control.


Assured
The  organization indicated on the Declaration attached hereto.


Beneficiary
The individual named in the Insured Person's Application to be the recipient of any Accidental Death benefit. For Insured Persons who do not designate a Beneficiary on the Application, the strong>Beneficiary is automatically as follows: 1. Spouse (if any), 2. Children (if any) equally, 3. Estate of the Insured Person.


Benefits
The Eligible Expenses  which may be paid under this Master Policy.


Benefit Period
One hundred eighty (180) consecutive days beginning on the first day of diagnosis or treatment of a covered Injury or Illness that occurs during a Registered Trip.


Blackmail and Extortion
The making of illegal threats specifically to an Insured Person to: 
1. kill, injure or abduct the Insured Person; or
2. damage property belonging to the Insured Person; or
3. disseminate, divulge or use Trade Secrets belonging to the Insured Person;
by persons who then demand a Ransom as a condition of not carrying out such threats.


Certificate
The summary of this Master Policy, issued to Insured Persons.


Certificate Declaration
The document that is attached to the Certificate issued to Insured Persons.


Certificate Period
The period of time indicated on the Certificate Declaration issued Insured Persons.


Contact Sports
A sport or other athletic activity that necessarily involves physical contact with opposing players as part of normal play. Contact Sports include, but are not limited to, American football, boxing, ice hockey, rugby, soccer, and wrestling.


Crisis Management Consultant
The independent consultants approved by Underwriters and appointed to assist theInsured Person in connection with an Insured Event.


Custodial Care
That type of care or service, wherever furnished and by whatever name called, that is designed primarily to assist an Insured Person in performing the activities of Daily Living. Custodial Care also includes non-acute care for the comatose, semi-comatose, paralyzed or mentally incompetent patients until they are fit to return home.


Daily Living
A twenty-four (24) hour period during which anInsured Person engages in normal daily activities including but not limited to eating, drinking and washing.


Deductible
The dollar amount of Eligible Expenses, specified in the Master Policy that theInsured Person must pay before Benefits are paid hereunder.


Declaration
The document that is attached to and forms a permanent part of this Master Policy.


Delivery
Procedures concerning childbirth.


Disappearance
The complete and unexpected loss of contact with an Insured Person during a Registered Trip for a period in excess of 48 hours.


Durable Medical Equipment
A standard basic hospital bed and/or a standard basic wheelchair.


Educational or Rehabilitative Care
Care for restoration (by education or training) of one’s ability to function in a normal or near normal manner following an Illness or Injury. This type of care includes, but is not limited to, vocational or occupational therapy and speech therapy.


Eligible Expenses
Expenses for services and supplies which are covered under this insurance.


Emergency
A medical condition manifesting itself by acute signs or symptoms which could reasonably result in placing the Insured Person’s life or limb in danger if medical attention is not provided within twenty-four (24) hours.


Emergency Room
That part of aHospital designated for the immediate care of Emergency medical conditions.


Extended Care Facility
An institution, or a distinct part of an institution, which is licensed as a Hospital, Extended Care Facility or rehabilitation facility by the jurisdiction in which it operates; and is regularly engaged in providing twenty four (24) hour skilled nursing care under the regular supervision of a Physician and the direct supervision of a Registered Nurse; and maintains a daily record on each patient; and provides each patient with a planned program of observation prescribed by a Physician; and provides each patient with active treatment of an Illness or Injury.Extended Care Facility does not include a facility primarily for rest, the aged, Substance Abuse treatment, Custodial Care, nursing care or for care ofMental Health Disorders or the mentally incompetent.


Family
All Relatives of an Insured Person.


Hijack
The illegal holding under duress, for a period in excess of 6 hours, of an Insured Person whilst travelling on an airplane, vehicle or watercraft during a Registered Trip.


HIV+
Laboratory evidence defined by the United States Centers for Disease Control as being positive for Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection.


Home Country
The country where the Insured Person principally resides as declared on the Application.


Home Health Care Agency
A public or private agency or one of its subdivisions, which operates pursuant to law and is regularly engaged in providingHome Nursing Care under the supervision of a Registered Nurse, and maintains a daily record on each patient, and provides each patient with a planned program of observation and treatment by a Physician.


Home Nursing Care
Services provided by a Home Health Care Agency and supervised by a Registered Nurse, which are directed toward the personal care of a patient, provided always that such care is provided in lieu of Medically Necessary Inpatient care in a Hospital.


Hospital
An institution which operates as a Hospital pursuant to law, and is licensed by the State or County in which it operates; and operates primarily for the reception, care and treatment of sick or injured persons as Inpatients; and provides twenty four (24) hour nursing service byRegistered Nurses on duty or call; and has a staff of one or more Physicians available at all times; and provides organized facilities and equipment for diagnosis and treatment of acute medical conditions on its premises; and is not primarily a rehabilitation facility, long-term care facility,Extended Care Facility, nursing, rest, Custodial Care or convalescent home, a place for the aged, drug addicts, alcoholics or runaways; or similar establishment.


Host Country
The country being visited by the Insured Person, or where the Insured Person resides temporarily. Host Country does not include the Insured's Home Country or the US.


Illness
A sickness, disorder, pathology, abnormality, ailment, disease or any other medical, physical or health condition. Illness does not include learning disabilities, attitudinal disorders or disciplinary problems.


Incidental Trip Home
A period of time not to exceed fourteen (14) days during aRegistered Trip during which an Insured Person is covered for eligible TripMed expenses incurred in his or her Home Country.  AnIncidental Trip Home begins on the date and time the Insured Person departs his or herHost Country to return to his or her Home Country, and ends on the next date and time theInsured Person departs his or her Home Country, subject to a maximum of 14 days.  TheIncidental Trip Home Benefit is only available to Insured Person’s with Registered Trips of sixty (60) days or more.


Injury
Identifiable physical harm to the body caused by anAccident that requires medical treatment.


Inpatient
A patient who occupies a Hospital bed for more than twenty four (24) hours for medical treatment and whose admission was recommended by a Physician.


Insured Person
An individual who meets the Eligibility requirements herein, and has completed the Application and been accepted for coverage hereunder.


Intensive Care Unit
A Cardiac Care Unit or other unit or area of a Hospital that meets the required standards of the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals for Special Care Units.


Investigational, Experimental or for Research Purposes
Terms used to describe procedures, services or supplies that are by nature or composition, or are used or applied, in a way which deviates from generally accepted standards of current medical practice.


Kidnapping
The taking away of a person by force, threat or deceit with intent to cause him or her to be detained against his or her will for Ransom or political purposes. For purposes of this insuranceKidnapping does not include Kidnapping perpetrated by any Relative of the Kidnapped person.


Master Policy Period
The period of time beginning on the Effective Date and ending on the Termination Date indicated on theDeclaration attached hereto.


Medical Provider
A Hospital, Physician or other person or organization which provides medical services and/or supplies.


Medically Necessary
A service or supply which is necessary and appropriate for the diagnosis or treatment of an Illness or Injury based on generally accepted current medical practice as determined by Underwriters. A service or supply will not be considered Medically Necessary if it is provided only as a convenience to the Insured Person or Medical Provider, and/or is not appropriate for the Insured Person's  diagnosis or symptoms, and/or exceeds in scope, duration or intensity that level of care which is needed to provide safe, adequate and appropriate diagnosis or treatment of an Illness orInjury.


Mental Health Disorder
A mental or emotional disease or disorder which generally denotes a disease of the brain with predominant behavioral symptoms; or a disease of the mind or personality, evidenced by abnormal behavior; or a disorder of conduct evidenced by socially deviant behavior. Mental Health Disorders include but are not limited to: psychosis, those psychiatric Illnesses listed in the current edition of the diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders of the American Psychiatric Association.


Newborns
Babies under the age of one month.


Outpatient
An Insured Person who receives Medically Necessary treatment by a Physician for Injury or Illness that does not require overnight stay in a Hospital.


Physician
A doctor of Medicine (MD), doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS), doctor of Dental Medicine (DDM) or a licensed Physical Therapist or Physiotherapist.Physician does not include a doctor of Chiropractic (DC), a doctor of Osteopathy (DO), a doctor of Psychology (Ph.D), a doctor of Psychiatry (Psy.D) or any other degree or designation. A Physician must be currently licensed by the jurisdiction in which the services are provided, and the services provided must be within the scope of that license. A Physician must be a person other than the Insured Person, theInsured Person’s Relative, or one who ordinarily resides with the Insured Person. 


Political Threat
Political and/or military events which have created a situation in which the Insured Person is in danger of or has incurred serious bodily harm.


Pre-existing Condition
Any (1) condition for which medical advice, diagnosis, care, or treatment (includes receiving services and supplies, consultations, diagnostic tests or prescription medicines) was recommended or received during the two (2) years immediately preceding the Effective Date for any Registered Trip; (2) condition that had manifested itself in such a manner that would have caused a reasonably prudent person to seek medical advice, diagnosis, care, or treatment (includes receiving services and supplies, consultations, diagnostic tests or prescription medicines) within the two  (2) years immediately preceding the Effective Date for any Registered Trip; (3) Injury, Illness, sickness, disease, or other physical, medical, mental, or nervous conditions, disorder or ailment (whether known or unknown) that, with reasonable medical certainty, existed at the time of the Insured Person’s Application or within the two (2) years immediately preceding the Effective Date of any Registered Trip.


Preferred Medical Provider
Medical Providers
designated by the Plan Administrator as preferred.


Pregnancy
The physical condition of being pregnant.


Primary Insurance
A group health benefit plan, an individual health benefit plan, or a government plan (Medicaid, Medicare and V.A. health plans are not consideredPrimary Insurance) designed to be the first payor of claims for an Insured Person, in effect prior to the Registered Trip and in effect at the time of any claim hereunder .  Such plans must have coverage limits of USD 250,000 per incident or per year to be considered Primary Insurance.


Principal Residence
The location, indicated on the Insured Person's Application, where the Insured Person ordinarily resides, not including locations in theHost Country.


Professional Sports
A sporting activity undertaken for wage, reward or profit.


Proof of Claim
A completed and signed Claimant’s Statement and Authorization form, together with any/all required attachments, original itemized bills from Physicians, Hospitals and other Medical Providers, original receipts for any expenses which have already been paid by or on behalf of the strong>Insured Person, and any other documentation that is deemed necessary by the Underwriters.


Ransom
Money or other valuables, including cash, monetary instruments, bullion, or the fair market value of any securities or property.


Registered Nurse
A graduate nurse who has been registered or licensed to practice by the local authority Board of Nurse Examiners or any other authority, and who is legally entitled to place the letters “RN” after his or her name.


Registered Trip
A trip that has been registered by the Insured Person by notice to and acceptance by the Plan Administrator.


Registered Trip Confirmation
The document issued to the Insured Person as evidence of coverage for a Registered Trip.


Relative
Biological or stepparent or grandparent; biological or stepchild or grandchild; current spouse; biological or stepsibling; parent, children, or sibling in law; aunt, uncle or cousin; fiancé or betrothed individual.


Routine Physical Exam
Examination of the physical body by a Physician for preventative or informative purposes only, and not for the diagnosis or treatment of any condition.


Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Syphilis, gonorrhea, lymphogranuloma venereum, chancroid, granuloma inguinale, chlamydiosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, trichomoniasis, genital candidiasis, genital herpes, genital warts, amebiasis, viral hepatitis, scabies, crab lice, cervical dysplasia, and bacterial vaginitis.


Substance Abuse
Alcohol, drug or chemical abuse, overuse or dependency.


Surgery or Surgical Procedure
An invasive diagnostic procedure, or the treatment of Illness or Injury by manual or instrumental operations performed by a Physician while the patient is under general or local anesthesia.


TripTime Day(s)/TripTime Top-Up Day(s)
A 24 hour period during which the Insured Person may be covered under this insurance.  The number ofTripTime Days available to the Insured Person is indicated on the Certificate Declaration. The number of TripTime Top-UP Days available to the Insured Person is indicated on the TripTime Top-Up endorsement issued to the Insured Person. TripTime Days and TripTime Top-Up Days can be used exclusively by the Insured Person for coverage on Registered Trips which begin during the Insured Person’sCertificate Period.


United States or US
The United States of America including all states, districts, territories and possessions.


Usual, Reasonable and Customary
The most common charge for similar services, medicines or supplies within the area in which the charge is incurred, so long as those charges are reasonable. What is defined asUsual, Reasonable and Customary charges will be determined by Underwriters. In determining whether a charge is Usual, Reasonable and Customary, Underwriters may consider one or more of the following factors: the level of skill, extent of training, and experience required to perform the procedure or service; the length of time required to perform the procedure or services as compared to the length of time required to perform other similar services; the severity or nature of the Illness or Injury being treated; the amount charged for the same or comparable services, medicines or supplies in the locality; the amount charged for the same or comparable services, medicines or supplies in other parts of the country; the cost to the Medical Provider of providing the service, medicine or supply; such other factors as Underwriters, in the reasonable exercise of discretion, determine are appropriate.


Violent Crime
Any act or threat of violence to an Insured Person which causes, or is likely to cause, death or serious Injury during a Registered Trip.


Wrongful Detention
The involuntary confinement of an Insured Person by any person(s) acting as agents of or with the tacit approval of any government or governmental entity, or acting or purporting to act on behalf of any insurgent party, organisation or group.